Name:Impacts of the rate of parental conflict on children and the role played by post-divorce care arrangements
Project leader:Mgr. Jana Barvíková, Ph.D.
Team member:Mgr. Jana Paloncyová, Ph.D. , Ing. Sylva Höhne , Mgr. et Mgr. Lucie Žáčková , Kristýna Janurová, MA , PhDr. Štěpánka Lehmann, Ph.D.
Project leader-external:
External team member:
Start of project:2019
End of project:2023
Project recipient:RILSA
Project co-recipient:
Description:The aim of the project is to map the impacts of the rate of parental conflict on children and the role played by post-divorce care arrangements in relation to whether or not the parents agreed to such arrangements or whether they were imposed by the court. The project will focus on the development of relationships and conflicts between parents before and following divorce, on how to set up childcare following divorce and on the daily lives and experiences of parents and children concerning the monitored forms of care (alternate and exclusive care). Thus the project will reflect the needs of children and the fulfilment thereof in various developmental stages. The intention is to provide a description of the issue from the perspective of all the various actors, i.e. parents and children, judges, court experts, staff of the social and legal protection of children agency (OSPOD), lawyers, psychologists, kindergarten and basic school teachers and so on. Moreover, representatives of these various institutions will sit on the expert panel of the project, the aim of which will be to guide the course of the project with respect to the professional and ethical aspects, to solve any ethical and methodological dilemmas and problems and to provide comments on the project outputs. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods will be employed during the four-year project in order to achieve the above objectives. The research results will provide support for the professional competencies of Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs personnel (OSPOD staff, social workers, social service workers) and the Ministry of Justice (judges, lawyers). It will also serve as the basis for proposals for measures aimed at reinforcing the creation of a sustainable family policy system and as background material for the Family Report.

We have tried to use all available information sources and combine qualitative and quantitative methods to be able to provide a complex picture of the issue and reduce possible biases.

The main data sources are as follows:

- consultations, interviews and focus groups with experts (judges, attorneys, psychotherapists, social workers, pedagogical workers, social scientists etc. – all professionals who are concerned with divorces / separations of parents and child physical custody in their professional practice)

- analysis of existing data from the Ministry of justice about the results of legal proceedings concerning the child custody

- qualitative interviews

- 32 interviews with young adults aged 16 – 29 who experienced their parents’ breakup in their childhood – 17 of them had an experience with the joint physical custody, others only with the sole custody (carried out in 2020/2021)
- 42 interviews with parents (21 fathers and 21 mothers from different households) who care for a child after the breakup with the other parent in different types of physical custody (carried out in 2021/2022)

- representative public opinion survey that mapped perception of divorces, child custody, family etc. among general public (1691 respondents, collected in 2020)

- questionnaire survey with parents who do not live with the other parent of their child

- 1982 respondents (1/2 men, 1/2 women)
- 53% sole custody, 47% equally divided care
- selection criteria: child younger than 18, they take care of the child / have a regular contact with him/her, they lived with the other parent in the same household for at least 3 months and at least 1 year has passed since their divorce / breakup
- data collected in 2021

Just now we focus on the analysis of the questionnaire survey and the qualitative interviews...